Wrinkles. They’re inevitable, and we all get them as we grow older. It’s a natural part of ageing, but what really causes them? Women start to worry about signs of ageing around the age of 29, and fine lines are the first thing women tend to notice. Did you know that there are different types of wrinkles? But not to worry, here is a breakdown of these wrinkles, what causes them, and tips on how to prevent them so you can have healthy and youthful skin for years to come.
It was traditionally believed that wrinkles fell into just two categories:
Dynamic Wrinkles – Those lines that result from repeated facial movements (such as smiling) that form creases in the skin.
Static Wrinkles – The lines that occur from your skin losing elasticity and collagen, and that eventually sag.
There are actually four different types of wrinkles, with each type of wrinkle having its own internal and external causes.
1. Atrophic crinkling rhytids
These wrinkles are those little parallel lines that disappear when your skin is stretched taut. They can occur on your face or anywhere on your body when you lose collagen and elasticity, which leads to the sagging of skin. The main cause of this type of wrinkle is sun damage. UV exposure unleashes free radicals in our skin that break down the building blocks that give our skin firmness and structure, collagen, and elastin. To prevent these types of wrinkles, ensure that you wear SPF sun protection daily, especially on your face, neck, and chest and any other exposed areas.
2. Permanent elastic creases
Permanent elastic creases are lines that end up becoming permanent wrinkles as we age. They tend to show up on our cheeks, upper lip, and the base of our necks. Similar to the last type, sun exposure can make these lines worse. Smoking is also a big factor in deepening these lines, like those you get around your mouth from continuously pursing your lips. Whenever you smoke, you also expose the surface of your skin to the toxic chemicals and carcinogens. Your body needs to heal and form healthy skin cells, so when you inhale, you inhibit your body’s ability to circulate oxygen to your skin. This often leads to a dull complexion.
3. Dynamic expression lines
These are lines you get from repeated facial muscle movements that cause creases in the skin that become more permanent and usually show up around the mouth, eyes, and forehead. These lines are inevitable, as you get them from living your life and being human. They result from the moments you’ve squinted on a sunny day, laughed at an inside joke, or frowned. It’s almost impossible not to get these lines unless you stop expressing yourself, so these creases on your face are bound to appear. However, one way to avoid squinting is by wearing sunglasses as often as possible whenever you’re out in the sun.
4. Gravitational folds
These are those wrinkles that occur naturally with age as our skin loses structure and starts to fold and sag. As the name suggests, time and gravity will lead to ageing. The best thing to do with these types of wrinkles is to start early with the prevention, rather than waiting for them to appear and then start treatment. Incorporating anti-ageing products in your skincare at an early age would help prevent gravitational folds.
Here are some skincare tips to have youthful and glowing skin:
Our skin’s texture and tone is compromised when our skin is damaged by UV exposure. When exposed to the sun, free radicals age skin by causing hyperpigmentation and breaks down collagen and elastin, which leads to sagging and wrinkles. By consistently wearing SPF, even on cloudy days, it can help prevent ageing. You accumulate a lot of sun exposure from everyday things we don’t even think about, like driving and walking outside, and that exposure adds up. Use a daily moisturizer that includes broad-spectrum UVA/UVB protection of at least SPF 30 at least 15 minutes before heading outside. Don’t forget to apply it to the neck and chest area as well, as these areas can show signs of ageing too. Reapply every 1 to 2 hours and avoid the sun during peak UV hours from 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Invest in Skincare with these Anti-Aging Ingredients
Retinol is a vitamin A derivative that smooths skin by exfoliating dead skin cells and encourages new cell turnover and collagen production. Always use retinol at night, as they can make skin sensitive to sunlight and could potentially harm your skin if you’re not careful. Start off with applying it a couple of times a week, as it may also cause some slight skin irritation and may take a bit of time for the skin to adjust.
When your skin is dehydrated, fine lines and wrinkles are made more apparent. Hyaluronic acid is a moisture humectant, meaning it grabs moisture and holds it to your skin’s surface to deliver hydration. This also helps plump skin to fill out fine lines and restore suppleness to your complexion.
Antioxidants help fight those free radicals from sun exposure that break down collagen. They work to stop free radical damage and support skin healing by encouraging cell repair and rebuilding collagen and elastin.
Peptides are chains of amino acids, which make up the skin protein, collagen. Restoring peptides helps your skin by rebuilding blocks of collagen to fortify skin and bring back its firmness.